Paddy Planting Trek in Nepal

Trip Fact:
  • Difficulty Level Easy
  • DestinationNepal
  • Max Altitude1450m
  • AccommodationHome Stay
  • MealsBreakfast/Lunch/Dinner
  • Trip Start/EndDhading
  • Group Size1-50
  • Best SeasonMonsoon ( Mid June to August)

What to Expect:

  • Paddy is one of the major staple crops of Nepal and is grown extensively throughout the country.
  • There are many varieties of paddy cultivated in Nepal, including traditional and modern high-yielding varieties.
  • Paddy is a summer crop in Nepal and requires a warm and humid climate for optimal growth. The main planting season for paddy is from June to July.
  • The land is prepared by plowing, harrowing, and leveling. In some areas, the land is flooded before planting to increase soil moisture.
  • Paddy is typically planted by hand, with seedlings transplanted from nurseries to the main field. In some areas, direct seeding is also used.
  • Paddy requires a lot of water, and irrigation is essential for its proper growth. Various irrigation methods, such as flood irrigation and drip irrigation, are used in Nepal.
  • Paddy is harvested by hand and threshed to separate the grain from the straw. The grain is then dried and processed for consumption or storage.

Trekking in Nepal is a popular activity that attracts thousands of visitors every year. Nepal is known for its beautiful mountain scenery, including Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world. For individuals seeking novel experiences, paddy planting trek is a unique and exciting that is gaining popularity among trekkers in Nepal. It offers an opportunity to experience the traditional farming practices of Nepal while enjoying the beautiful scenery and natural landscapes.

A paddy planting trek is an important event for rice farmers. It is the time when farmers prepare their fields, gather their seedlings, and head to their paddy fields to begin planting. The process of paddy planting is typically done manually, with farmers bending over to plant each seedling by hand. This process can be physically demanding and time-consuming, as rice farmers plant thousands of seedlings in their fields.

During the paddy planting trip, farmers may feel a range of emotions. For some, it may be a time of excitement and anticipation as they begin a new crop cycle. For others, it may be a time of stress as they worry about the weather and other factors that could impact their crops. Despite the challenges, many farmers find a sense of fulfillment and pride in their work, as they are contributing to the production of one of the world's most important staple crops.

What is Paddy Planting?

Paddy planting, also known as rice planting, is the process of growing rice plants in a prepared field. Rice is a staple food for many people around the world, and it is primarily grown in areas that have adequate water supply, fertile soil, and a warm climate.

The process of paddy planting typically involves several steps, including land preparation, seed selection, seedling production, field transplantation, and maintenance of the crop until harvest. Farmers first prepare the field by plowing and leveling the land and then flooding it with water to create the ideal growing conditions for rice. They then select high-quality seeds and cultivate them into seedlings in a separate nursery before transplanting them to the main field.

During the growing season, farmers maintain the rice crop by regularly irrigating and fertilizing the plants, controlling weeds and pests, and ensuring adequate sunlight and temperature. When the rice is mature, it is harvested, typically by cutting the stalks and threshing the grain to separate it from the straw.

Paddy planting is a complex process that requires knowledge, skills, and experience to ensure a successful harvest. It is an essential activity for many farming communities and plays a crucial role in providing food security for millions of people worldwide.

Procedure of Paddy Planting in Nepal

Paddy is a major crop in Nepal, and the planting procedure can vary depending on the region and the specific variety of paddy being planted. However, here is a general procedure for paddy planting in Nepal:

Field Preparation

The field is prepared by plowing, leveling and adding organic matter like farmyard manure or compost. The field is then irrigated and allowed to dry for a few days before planting.

Seed Selection:

High-quality seeds are selected, usually from the previous year's crop. The selected seeds are then treated with a fungicide to protect them from diseases.

Seedling Preparation

In Nepal, most farmers prepare seedlings in a separate field or in a nursery bed. The selected seeds are sown in the nursery bed, and they are allowed to grow for about 20-25 days. During this period, the seedlings are watered regularly and are protected from pests and diseases.
Land Preparation for Transplanting

The main field is flooded with water before transplanting. The land is then plowed and leveled to create a uniform field. The seedlings are then carefully uprooted and separated from the nursery bed.


The seedlings are transplanted in the main field at a distance of 20-25cm apart in rows with 25-30 cm distance between rows. The seedlings are placed in the soil with their roots facing downward and are pressed firmly into the soil to ensure proper rooting.

Water Management

Paddy requires a lot of water to grow properly. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain an adequate water supply throughout the growing season. In Nepal, paddy fields are usually flooded with water to a depth of 2-3 inches during the first two weeks after transplanting. The water level is then gradually decreased as the plants grow taller.

Fertilizer Application

Paddy requires regular fertilization to ensure healthy growth. In Nepal, farmers generally apply chemical fertilizers like urea and DAP (diammonium phosphate) in two or three equal doses during the growing season.

Weed Control

Weeds can significantly reduce the yield of paddy crops. Therefore, it is necessary to control weeds through manual or chemical means. In Nepal, farmers usually control weeds manually by pulling them out by hand.


The paddy crop is harvested when the grains are fully mature and turn golden yellow. In Nepal, the crop is usually harvested by cutting the plants at the base with a sickle or a knife. The harvested crop is then threshed to separate the grains from the straw.


  • Meet with your guide and travel to Dhading, for 3-4 hours drive
  • Transfer to your homestay in the village near the paddy fields.
  • Get introduced to the local community and their customs.
  • Learn about the history of paddy farming in the area.
  • Home Stay

  • After breakfast, head to the paddy fields and get introduced to the tools and techniques used for planting.
  • Start digging the land with very traditional method ( by OX/bullock) and preparing it for planting.
  • Learn about the different types of seeds and how to select the best ones for planting.
  • Meet with local farmers and learn from their experience.
  • Home Stay

  • Start early in the morning to avoid the heat of the day.
  • Learn how to plant the seeds correctly and how to space them out properly.
  • Work alongside local farmers to plant the paddy in the fields.
  • Take breaks to enjoy some local food and drink.
  • Home Stay

  • Take a Breakfast
  • Participate in community activities such as cultural programs, dancing, and singing.
  • Learn about the daily life and customs of the people living in the village.
  • Take a guided tour of the surrounding area, including waterfalls and scenic viewpoints.
  • Home Stay

  • Say goodbye to the community and head back to the city.
  • Take some time to reflect on your experience and what you've learned.
  • Depart for your next destination.

    Cost Details


    • Private transportation for KTM-Dhading-KTM
    • Hotel accommodation in Home Stay as per the itinerary
    • All meals ( breakfast,lunch,dinner) including tea/coffee
    • Professional tourist guide during the trip
    • Necessary paper works for the trip

    Suggested Itineraries

    Ask a Question